Criminal - Federal and State

Who files criminal charges?

In the State of Illinois, either the State’s Attorney’s office of the County in which the alleged crime was committed, or the Illinois Attorney General’s Office, determine whether to file criminal charges.  Sometimes, the prosecution decides to present the evidence to a Grand Jury, which does not determine innocence or guilt, but only determines whether there is probable cause to believe that the defendant committed a crime.

If I am charged with a crime, does it mean that I am guilty?

A criminal charge is evidence of nothing.  It is only an accusation that the Defendant has committed a criminal offense.  When a Defendant is accused of a criminal offense, the State must prove, beyond a reasonable doubt, the elements of the criminal charge.

What is the difference between a felony and a misdemeanor?

A felony is a criminal offense punishable by a sentence to the Illinois Department of Corrections, commonly known as prison.

A misdemeanor is a criminal offense that is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail, but not punishable by a sentence to prison.

What should I do if I am being investigated or arrested for a criminal offense?

Call us immediately.  The stakes of the criminal justice system are extremely high, and a good lawyer can make a great difference in the outcome of the case.  The lawyers of Mertes & Mertes, P.C. are happy to discuss your case with you.  At Mertes & Mertes, P.C., we handle criminal cases in the State of Illinois at both the state and federal level.

Illinois criminal defense lawyers at Mertes and Mertes. We’re a top Illinois defense firm helping people charged with all felony and misdemeanor crimes, theft, burglary, bad checks, shoplifting, arson, vandalism, assault.  Call us now, at 815.626.1500.


DISCLAIMER: This site and any information contained herein are intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Please contact Mertes & Mertes, Attorneys At Law for advice on any legal matter.